Hardness and elastic properties of Bi2O3-based glasses

T. Watanabe, K. Muratsubaki, Y. Benino, H. Saitoh, T. Komatsu

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55 Citations (Scopus)


The hardness and elastic properties of 20PbO · xBi2O3 · (80 - x)B2O3 glasses with x = 20-60 were evaluated through usual Vickers indentation and nanoindentation tests. The glass transition temperature (Tg = 295-421°C), Vickers hardness (Hv = 2.9-4.5 GPa), true hardness (H = 1.5-3.8 GPa) and Young's modulus (E = 24.4-72.6 GPa) decreased monotonously with increasing Bi2O3 content. This compositional trend demonstrates that the strength of Bi-O chemical bonds in these glasses is considerably weak compared with B-O bonds and plastic deformations under indentation loading occur easily. The elastic recovery after unloading was about 45% for the glasses with x = 20-50, and the Poisson's ratio was 0.27 for the glass with x = 20. The fracture toughness was evaluated to be 0.37-0.88 MPam1/2 from the values of Hv and E, and it was proposed that not only weak Bi-O bonds but also boron coord ination polyhedra (BO3 or BO4) and their arrangements affect on crack formation. From the temperature dependence of Vickers hardness up to the glass transition region, it was suggested that the glasses with high Bi2O3 contents belong to the category to fragile glass-forming liquids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2427-2433
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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