Hazardous ions uptake behavior of thermally activated steel-making slag

V. K. Jha, Y. Kameshima, A. Nakajima, K. Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


This study concerns the utilization of waste steel-making slag, a by-product that contains mainly CaO, Fe 2O 3 and SiO 2. The as-received slag was ground and thermally activated by temperature treatment from 110 to 1000°C for 24 h. Although the as-received slag was amorphous, it became partially crystallized during grinding. These crystalline phases were larnite and iron oxide but other crystalline phases also appeared in addition to larnite after calcination. The uptake of Ni 2+, PO 4 3- and NH 4 + by the samples was investigated from solutions with initial concentrations of 10 mmol/l. The sample calcined at 800°C showed the highest Ni 2+ uptake (4.85 mmol/g) whereas the highest simultaneous uptake of PO 4 3- (2.75 mmol/g) and NH 4 + (0.25 mmol/g) was achieved by calcining the material at 700°C. The principal mechanism of Ni 2+ uptake is thought to involve replacement of Ca 2+ by Ni 2+. The mechanism of PO 4 3- uptake is mainly by formation of calcium phosphate while that of NH 4 + involves sorption by the porous silica surface of the samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 18 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Ni , NH and PO uptake
  • Slag
  • Temperature treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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