High valence states of Pd supported on ferroelectric BaTiO3driven by electric polarization

Tasuku Yoshida, Jun Kano, Masaichiro Mizumaki, Yusuke Tamenori, Kiyofumi Nitta, Kazuo Kato, Satoshi Hinokuma, Norihiro Oshime, Satoshi Hirose, Hitoshi Mikami, Naoshi Ikeda, Tatsuo Fujii, Yuta Nishina, Tomoko Okubo

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1 Citation (Scopus)


At a metal-ferroelectric junction, it has been considered that the electric polarization of the ferroelectric material can affect the electronic structure of the neighboring metal. Here, we demonstrate that the valence state of Pd can be shifted to the unstable high value of 4+ by the electric field of electric polarization in ferroelectric BaTiO3. Study of the absorption fine structure of both hard and soft x rays revealed the existence of Pd4+ states on the surface of Pd oxide nanoparticles. The positions of Pd and oxygen atoms are shifted in opposite directions by the electric field due to the electric polarization of ferroelectric BaTiO3. The atomic displacement of Pd and O forms a zigzag structure, in which the coordination number of Pd atoms is changed from four to six, producing a quadrivalent state. This report presents experimental evidence that ferroelectric polarization can control the electronic states of neighboring metal atoms, and we suggest that using the ferroelectric support effect may produce a new type of catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092904
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Aug 30 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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