Hook-associated proteins essential for flagellar filament formation in Salmonella typhimurium

M. Homma, K. Kutsukake, T. Iino, S. Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


The hooks of the flagella of Salmonella typhimurium were purified by a newly developed method, using a flaL mutant without a filament, and the hook components were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfatepolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. As a result, we detected three protein species in addition to hook protein. We call these three proteins hook-associated proteins (HAPs). Their molecular weights were 59,000 for HAP1, 53,000 for HAP2, and 31,000 for HAP3. The HAP1/hook protein/HAP3/HAP2 molar ratio, calculated from their relative amounts and their molecular weights, was 1:10:1.1:0.53. The compositions of HAPs were analyzed in the hooks from the other filaments mutants which were defective in H1 H2, flaV, flaU, or flaW. Hooks from the H1 H2 mutant had the same HAP composition as hooks from the flaL mutant. Hooks from the flaV mutants contained HAP1 and HAP3. Hooks from the flaU mutants contained HAP1. Hooks from the flaW mutants contained a very small amount of HAP3. From these results, the process of hook morphogenesis and the genes responsible for each step were postulated. Electron micrographs of hooks from the filamentless mutants showed that hooks which contained all three HAPs had a sharp clawlike tip, whereas hooks lacking any HAP had a flat tip. Electron micrographs of hooks treated with antibody against the hook protein showed that each claw-shaped end was not covered with antibody. The results strongly suggest that all three HAPs or at least some of them are located at the claw-shaped end and play an essential role in filament formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-108
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Hook-associated proteins essential for flagellar filament formation in Salmonella typhimurium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this