Human annexin V binds to sulfatide: Contribution of regulation of blood coagulation

Michiru Ida, Ayano Satoh, Isamu Matsumoto, Kyoko Kojima-Aikawa

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36 Citations (Scopus)


Annexin V is a calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding protein that exhibits anticoagulant activity on binding to phosphatidylserine exposed on the activated surfaces of endothelial cells and platelets, inhibiting activation of factor X and prothrombin in the blood coagulation cascade. Sulfatide (galactosylecramide I3-sulfate), one of the glycosphingolipids of the platelet cell membrane, is thought to be involved in blood coagulation systems via activation of factor XII. In this study, we examined whether or not annexin V binds to sulfatide and affects the coagulant activity of sulfatide. Solid phase assaying of annexin V revealed that it binds specifically to sulfatide, i.e. not to galactosylceramide or gangliosides, in the presence of calcium ions. Affinity analysis by means of surface plasmon resonance showed that the K D of the interaction between annexin V and sulfatide is 1.2 μM. Kinetic turbidometric assaying of plasma coagulation initiated by CaCl 2 revealed that the coagulation rate in the presence of sulfatide or phosphatidylserine was decreased by annexin V. These results suggest that annexin V regulates coagulability in the blood stream by binding not only to phosphatidylserine but also to sulfatide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-588
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Annexin
  • Anticoagulant
  • Lectin
  • Plasma coagulation
  • Sulfatide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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