Hydration Process of Rare-Earth Sesquioxides Having Different crystal Structures

Mahiko Nagao, Hideaki Hamano, Koji Hirata, Ryotaro Kumashiro, Yasushige Kuroda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


The reactivity of rare-earth sesquioxides, mainly neodymium oxide, in water vapor and their hydration process have been investigated by measuring the adsorbed amounts, infrared spectra, and water contents. The adsorption of water vapor on neodymium oxides, A-type and C-type Nd2O3, led to the formation of a neodymium hydroxide, Nd(OH)3. The variation of adsorbed amounts (in weight) with exposure time to water vapor suggested that the hydration process is different depending upon the crystal structure of neodymium sesquioxides. Combining with the data of IR spectra and water contents, it has been revealed that the hydration of A-type Nd2O 3 takes place in one step [into Nd(OH)3] after an induction period of about 30 min, while that of C-type Nd2O 3 proceeds in two steps [into Nd(OH)3 via NdOOH]. The adsorption of water vapor on other rare-earth sesquioxides was also examined; the hydration process of A-type lanthanum oxide (La2O3) was similar to that of A-type Nd2O3, while those of C-type sesquioxides, Nd2O3, samarium oxide (Sm 2O3), and yttrium oxide (Y2O3), were different from each other. The difference in the rates of hydration for these oxides can be correlated with a basic nature of oxide. Therefore, the rate of hydration is eventually governed by the ionic radius of rare-earth metal ion because the basicity of oxide depends on the ionic radius of metal ion. To make the Nd2O3 surface resistant to water, the surface modification or coating was also tried by adsorbing a metal-alkoxide vapor. As a result, it was revealed that the surface-coated neodymium oxide (i.e., titania-coated Nd2O3) has a water-resistant property.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9201-9209
Number of pages9
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Oct 28 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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