Identification of high-risk syncope related to ventricular fibrillation in patients with Brugada syndrome

Yutaka Take, Hiroshi Morita, Norihisa Toh, Nobuhiro Nishii, Satoshi Nagase, Kazufumi Nakamura, Kengo F. Kusano, Tohru Ohe, Hiroshi Ito

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53 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Syncope in patients with Brugada syndrome is usually associated with ventricular tachyarrhythmia, but some episodes of syncope can be related to autonomic disorders. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of syncope to differentiate high-risk syncope episodes from low-risk events in patients with Brugada syndrome. METHODS: We studied 84 patients with type 1 electrocardiogram and syncope. Patients were divided into 2 groups: patients with prodrome (prodromal group; n = 41) and patients without prodrome (nonprodromal group; n = 43). RESULTS: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was documented at index event in 19 patients: 4 patients (21%) with documented VF experienced a prodrome prior to the onset of VF, whereas 15 patients (79%) did not have symptoms prior to documented VF (P <.01). Twenty-seven patients in the prodromal group and 7 patients in the nonprodromal group were considered to have syncope related to autonomic dysfunction. Syncope in other patients was defined as unexplained syncope. During the follow-up period (48 ± 48 months), recurrent syncope due to VF occurred in 13 patients among patients with only unexplained syncope and was more frequent in the nonprodromal group (n = 10) than in the prodromal group (n = 3; P = .044). In multivariate analysis, blurred vision (hazard ratio [HR] 0.20) and abnormal respiration (HR 2.18) and fragmented QRS (HR 2.39) were independently associated with the occurrence of VF. CONCLUSION: Syncope with prodrome, especially blurred vision, suggests a benign etiology of syncope in patients with Brugada syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-759
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Rhythm
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2012


  • Brugada syndrome
  • Neurally mediated syncope
  • Prodrome
  • Syncope
  • Ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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