Imbalanced superfluid phase of a trapped fermi gas in the BCS-BEC crossover regime

Takeshi Mizushima, Masanori Ichioka, Kazushige Machida

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31 Citations (Scopus)


We theoretically investigate the ground state of trapped neutral fermions with population imbalance in the BCS-BEC crossover regime. On the basis of the single-channel Hamiltonian, we perform full numerical calculations of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation coupled with the regularized gap and number equations. The zero-temperature phase diagram in the crossover regime is presented, where the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) pairing state governs the weak-coupling BCS region of a resonance. It is found that the FFLO oscillation vanishes in the BEC side, in which the system under population imbalance turns into a phase separation (PS) between locally binding superfluid and fully polarized spin domains. We also demonstrate numerical calculations with a large particle number script O sign(10 5), comparable to that observed in recent experiments. The resulting density profile on a resonance yields the PS, which is in good agreement with the recent experiments, while the FFLO modulation exists in the pairing field. It is also proposed that the most favorable location for the detection of the FFLO oscillation is in the vicinity of the critical population imbalance in the weak coupling BCS regime, where the oscillation periodicity becomes much larger than the interparticle spacing. Finally, we analyze the radio-frequency (RF) spectroscopy in the imbalanced system. The clear difference in the RF spectroscopy between BCS and BEC sides reveals the structure of the pairing field and local "magnetization".

Original languageEnglish
Article number104006
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2007


  • BCS-BEC crossover
  • Bogoliubov-de gennes equation
  • FFLO state
  • Imbalanced superfluid
  • Phase diagram
  • Quantum atomic gas
  • Radio-frequency spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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