Immune State Conversion of the Mesenteric Lymph Node in a Mouse Breast Cancer Model

Tsukasa Shigehiro, Maho Ueno, Mayumi Kijihira, Ryotaro Takahashi, Chiho Umemura, Eman A. Taha, Chisaki Kurosaka, Megumi Asayama, Hiroshi Murakami, Ayano Satoh, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Junichiro Futami, Junko Masuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Secondary lymphoid tissues, such as the spleen and lymph nodes (LNs), contribute to breast cancer development and metastasis in both anti- and pro-tumoral directions. Although secondary lymphoid tissues have been extensively studied, very little is known about the immune conversion in mesenteric LNs (mLNs) during breast cancer development. Here, we demonstrate inflammatory immune conversion of mLNs in a metastatic 4T1 breast cancer model. Splenic T cells were significantly decreased and continuously suppressed IFN-γ production during tumor development, while myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) were dramatically enriched. However, T cell numbers in the mLN did not decrease, and the MDSCs only moderately increased. T cells in the mLN exhibited conversion from a pro-inflammatory state with high IFN-γ expression to an anti-inflammatory state with high expression of IL-4 and IL-10 in early- to late-stages of breast cancer development. Interestingly, increased migration of CD103+CD11b+ dendritic cells (DCs) into the mLN, along with increased (1→3)-β-D-glucan levels in serum, was observed even in late-stage breast cancer. This suggests that CD103+CD11b+ DCs could prime cancer-reactive T cells. Together, the data indicate that the mLN is an important lymphoid tissue contributing to breast cancer development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11035
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • breast cancer cells
  • dendritic cells
  • mesenteric lymph node
  • myeloid-derived suppressor cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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