Immunohistochemical expression of heat shock proteins in the mouse periodontal tissues due to orthodontic mechanical stress

Rina Muraoka, K. Nakano, S. Kurihara, K. Yamada, T. Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The histopathology of periodontal ligament of the mouse subjected to mechanical stress was studied. Immunohistochemical expressions of HSP27 and p-HSP27 were examined. Experimental animals using the maxillary molars of ddY mouse by Waldo method were used in the study. A separator was inserted to induce mechanical stress. After 10 minutes, 20 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours, 9 hours and 24 hours, the regional tissues were extracted, fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde and 0.05M phosphate-buffered fixative solution. Paraffin sections were made for immunohistochemistry using HSP27 and p-HSP27. In the control group, the periodontal ligament fibroblasts expressed low HSP27 and p-HSP27. However, in the experimental group, periodontal ligament fibroblasts expressed HSP27 10 minutes after mechanical load application in the tension side. The strongest expression was detected 9 hours after inducing mechanical load. p-HSP27 was also expressed in a time-dependent manner though weaker than HSP27. The findings suggest that HSP27 and p-HSP27 were expressed for the maintenance of homeostasis of periodontal ligament by the activation of periodontal ligament fibroblasts on the tension side. It also suggests that these proteins act as molecular chaperones for osteoblast activation and maintenance of homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-482
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean journal of medical research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 25 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • HSP27
  • Heat shock protein
  • Mechanical stress
  • Orthodontic tooth movement
  • Periodontal ligament cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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