Purpose We aimed to determine the impact of fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-directed molecular imaging on staging and therapeutic management in patients affected with digestive system tumors when compared with guideline-compatible imaging (GCI). Patients and Methods Thirty-two patients with tumors of the digestive system were included: colon adenocarcinoma, 2/32 (6.3%); hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 6/32 (18.8%); pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma (PDAC), 6/32 (18.8%), and gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms, 18/32 (56.3%). All patients underwent GCI and 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT within median 4 days. Staging outcomes and subsequent treatment decisions were compared between GCI and 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT. Results Compared with GCI, 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT led to staging changes in 15/32 patients (46.9%). Among those, downstaging was recorded in 3/15 cases (20.0%) and upstaging in the remaining 12/15 patients (HCC, 4/12 [33.3%]; PDAC, 4/12 [33.3%]; neuroendocrine neoplasms, 3/12 [25%]; colon adenocarcinoma, 1/12 [8.3%]). Therapeutic management was impacted in 8/32 patients (25.0%), including 4 instances of major and 4 instances of minor therapeutic changes. The highest proportion of treatment modifications was observed in patients diagnosed with PDAC and HCC in 6/8 (75%). Conclusions In patients affected with digestive system tumors, 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT resulted in staging changes in more than 46% and therapeutic modifications in 25% of the cases, in particular in patients with HCC and PDAC. In clinical routine, such findings may favor a more widespread adoption of FAP-directed imaging in those tumor types.
- fibroblast activation protein
- neuroendocrine neoplasm
- therapeutic management
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging