Background: Cardiovascular events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) can be lowered by catheter ablation. We hypothesized the underlying mechanism was improvement in renal and endothelial function corresponding to AF burden, and investigated whether restoration of sinus rhythm (SR) after ablation affected these functions according to AF type. Methods and Results: We prospectively measured estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), and reactive hyperemia index (RHI) in 358 consecutive patients with AF before and 6 and 12 months after the ablation. For each AF type [paroxysmal AF (PAF), n = 229, and persistent AF (PeAF), n = 129], we evaluated changes in these markers and influence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The eGFR and natural logarithm-transformed (ln) UACR improved at 6 months in the PeAF group (68.7 ± 18.7–71.8 ± 18.9 mL/min/1.73 m2, p = 0.003 and 3.1±1.6 to 2.8±1.5, p < 0.001, respectively) and remained unchanged in the PAF group. Among the PeAF patients, recurrent AF was identified in 41, but only transiently in 38 patients. PeAF at baseline independently predicted increased eGFR [odds ratio (OR)=2.13, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.35–3.40, p = 0.001] and decreased UACR (OR=1.94, 95 % CI 1.05–3.58, p = 0.033). In the PeAF patients with CKD, ln-RHI significantly increased at 6 months after the ablation, and the change (Δ) in ln-RHI was significantly correlated with the ΔeGFR (r=0.35, p = 0.03). Conclusions: SR restoration after ablation was associated with an improved eGFR and UACR in PeAF patients, but not PAF patients. In PeAF patients with CKD, an improved endothelial function after ablation was associated with an improved renal function.
- Catheter ablation
- Endothelial function
- Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
- Persistent atrial fibrillation
- Renal function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine