Influence of genetics on the nephritogenic potential of proteoglycans

B. Lelongt, N. Kashihara, H. Makino, Y. S. Kanwar

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Nephritogenic potential of antibodies directed against one of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) components, i.e., heparan sulfate- proteoglycan (HS-PG), was investigated in different strain of rats, i.e., Brown Norway, Lewis, Long Evans, and Sprague-Dawley. The rats were given two intravenous injections of anti-HS-PG antibody on days 1 and 3, and killed 2 to 8 weeks later. Before killing, blood and urine were collected for determination of anti-rabbit IgG levels and excretion of proteins, respectively. In addition, the right kidney was perfused with 125I-anti- rat IgG to quantitate the amount of immune-complexes present within the GBM. The tissues were processed for morphologic, autoradiographic, and imunofluorescent studies. The anti-HS-PG antibody was seen uniformly bound to GBM equally in all strains of rats. However, the proteinuric response was as follows: Brown Norway >>> Lewis >> Long Evans > Sprague Daley. Also, the glomerular cells, monocytes in the glomerular capillaries, immunoreactivity of rat IgG and C3, frequency of subepithelial immune deposits, serum levels of anti-rabbit IgG, and the amount of 125I-anti-rat IgG bound to the GBM were proportionately increased among different strains of rats. The data suggest that the sustained presence of anti-HS-PG antibodies in the subepithelial aspect of the GBM with differential humoral response in the production of the antibody by the host most likely attributed to the variable glomerular damage in different strains of rats. Thus, it seems that the genetic makeup of a given strain of rat heavily influences the nephritogenic potential of an antibody and consequentially the outcome of the immune complex-mediated glomerular injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-569
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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