Inhibiting S100A8/A9 attenuates airway obstruction in a mouse model of heterotopic tracheal transplantation

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Although bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a major cause of death after lung transplantation, an effective drug therapy for BOS has not yet developed. Here, we assessed the effectiveness of a neutralizing anti-S100 calcium binding protein (S100) A8/A9 antibody against BOS. A murine model of heterotopic tracheal transplantation was used. Mice were intraperitoneally administered control IgG or the S100A8/A9 antibody on day 0 and twice per week until they were sacrificed. Tissue sections were used to evaluate the obstruction ratio, epithelium-preservation ratio, α-smooth muscle actin (SMA)-positive myofibroblast infiltration, and luminal cell death. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to analyze the mRNA-expression levels of collagen, inflammatory cytokines, and chemokines on days 7, 14, and 21. The anti-S100A8/A9 antibody significantly improved the obstruction ratio and epithelium-preservation ratio, with less α-SMA-positive myofibroblast infiltration compared to the control group. Antibody treatment reduced the type-III collagen: type-I collagen gene-expression ratio. The antibody also significantly suppressed the number of dead cells in the graft lumen. The expression levels of tumor growth factor β1 and C–C motif chemokine 2 on day 21, but not those of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor α, were significantly suppressed by S100A8/A9 antibody treatment. These findings suggest that S100A8/A9 may be a potential therapeutic target for BOS after lung transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-94
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2022


  • Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome
  • Chronic lung allograft dysfunction
  • Fibroblast
  • Lung transplantation
  • S100A8
  • S100A9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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