Internal modification of glass by ultrashort laser pulse and its application to microwelding

Isamu Miyamoto, Kristian Cvecek, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Michael Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Internal modification process of glass by ultrashort laser pulse (USLP) and its applications to microwelding of glass are presented. A simulation model is developed, which can determine intensity distribution of absorbed laser energy, nonlinear absorptivity and temperature distribution at different pulse repetition rates and pulse energies in internal modification of bulk glass with fs- and ps-laser pulses from experimental modified structure. The formation process of the dual-structured internal modification is clarified, which consists of a teardrop-shaped inner structure and an elliptical outer structure, corresponding to the laser-absorbing region and heat-affected molten region, respectively. Nonlinear absorptivity at high pulse repetition rates increases due to the increase in the thermally excited free electron density for avalanche ionization. USLP enables crack-free welding of glass because the shrinkage stress is suppressed by producing embedded molten pool by nonlinear absorption process, in contrast to conventional continuous wave laser welding where cracks cannot be avoided due to shrinkage stress produced in cooling process. Microwelding techniques of glass by USLP have been developed to join glass/glass and Si/glass using optically contacted sample pairs. The strength of the weld joint as high as that of base material is obtained without pre- and post-heating in glass/glass welding. In Si/glass welding, excellent joint performances competitive with anodic bonding in terms of joint strength and process throughput have been attained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-208
Number of pages22
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science


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