Intranational and international knowledge flows: Effects on the formal and informal sectors

Rajeev K. Goel, James W. Saunoris, Xingyuan Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


This article studies the effects of international and intranational knowledge flows. Contributions include comparing the effects of knowledge flows on the formal and informal sectors and determining multilateral spatial spillovers of innovation. Results show that formal entrepreneurs respect intranational intellectual property rights, but benefit from international spillovers, especially from patents granted. In contrast, informal entrepreneurs somewhat respect intranational patents granted, but not patent applications and citations. International spillovers to the informal sector are mainly from patents granted. Spillover magnitudes are greater internationally than intranationally, and greater in the informal sector than the formal sector (except for trademarks).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-311
Number of pages15
JournalContemporary Economic Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business,Management and Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Administration


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