Introduction and Overview

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The world economy was severely hit by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. It was estimated that the annual growth in the world’s real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2020 would be - 3.3% (International Monetary Fund (IMF) 2021). World trade simultaneously contracted sharply.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Japanese Business and Economics
PublisherSpringer Japan
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameAdvances in Japanese Business and Economics
ISSN (Print)2197-8859
ISSN (Electronic)2197-8867

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Introduction and Overview'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this