Investigation of drugs for the prevention of doxorubicin-induced cardiac events using big data analysis

Shiori Nishiuchi, Kenta Yagi, Hiroumi Saito, Yoshito Zamami, Takahiro Niimura, Koji Miyata, Yoshika Sakamoto, Kimiko Fukunaga, Shunsuke Ishida, Hirofumi Hamano, Fuka Aizawa, Mitsuhiro Goda, Masayuki Chuma, Yuki Izawa-Ishizawa, Hideki Nawa, Hiroaki Yanagawa, Yasunari Kanda, Keisuke Ishizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: Doxorubicin, an anthracycline anti-tumour agent, is an essential chemotherapeutic drug; however, the adverse events associated with doxorubicin usage, including cardiotoxicity, prevent patients from continuing treatment. Here, we used databases to explore existing approved drugs with potential preventative effects against doxorubicin-induced cardiac events and examined their efficacy and mechanisms. Methods: The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS), and Food and Drug Administration Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) databases were used to extract candidate prophylactic drugs. Mouse models of doxorubicin-induced cardiac events were generated by intraperitoneal administration of 20 mg/kg of doxorubicin on Day 1 and oral administration of prophylactic candidate drugs for 6 consecutive days beginning the day before doxorubicin administration. On Day 6, mouse hearts were extracted and examined for mRNA expression of apoptosis-related genes. Results: GEO analysis showed that doxorubicin administration upregulated 490 genes and downregulated 862 genes, and LINCS data identified sirolimus, verapamil, minoxidil, prednisolone, guanabenz, and mosapride as drugs capable of counteracting these genetic alterations. Examination of the effects of these drugs on cardiac toxicity using FAERS identified sirolimus and mosapride as new prophylactic drug candidates. In model mice, mosapride and sirolimus suppressed the Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA ratio, which is elevated in doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. These drugs also suppressed the expression of inflammatory cytokines Il1b and Il6 and markers associated with myocardial fibrosis, including Lgal3 and Timp1. Conclusion: These findings suggest that doxorubicin-induced cardiac events are suppressed by the administration of mosapride and sirolimus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175083
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2022


  • Cardiology
  • Chemotherapy
  • Data analysis
  • Doxorubicin
  • Drug–drug interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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