Iodine-125 seed implantation (permanent brachytherapy) for clinically localized prostate cancer

Shin Ebara, Yoshihisa Katayama, Ryuta Tanimoto, Kohei Edamura, Hiroyuki Nose, Daisuke Manabe, Tomoko Kobayashi, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Makoto Kobuke, Mitsuhiro Takemoto, Takashi Saika, Yasutomo Nasu, Susumu Kanazawa, Hiromi Kumon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


From January 2004 to March 2007, 308 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were treatedusing iodine-125 (125I) seed implantation (permanent brachytherapy) at Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences. We evaluated the treatment's efficacy and morbidity in 300 prostate cancer patients who were followed up for more than 1 month after brachytherapy. Based on the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, patients with a prostate volume of less than 40 ml in transrectal ultrasound imaging were classified as low or intermediate risk. The median patient age was 67 years (range 50 to 79 years), the median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value before biopsy was 6.95 ng/ml (range 1.13 to 24.7 ng/ml), and the median prostate volume was 24.33 ml (range 9.3 to 41.76 ml). The median follow-up was 18 months (range 1 to 36 months) and the PSA levels decreased in almost all patients after brachytherapy. Although 194 of 300 patients (64.7%) complained of difficulty in urination, pollakisuria/urgency, miction pain, and/or urinary incontinence, all of which might be associated with radiation prostatitis during the first month after brachytherapy, these symptoms gradually improved. 125I seed implantation brachytherapy is safe and effective for localized prostate cancer within short-term follow up. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-13
Number of pages5
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008


  • Brachytherapy
  • Localized prostate cancer
  • Prostate specific antigen
  • Urinary morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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