Ischemia-induced angiogenesis is impaired in aminopeptidase A deficient mice via down-regulation of HIF-1α

Ryuji Kubota, Yasushi Numaguchi, Masakazu Ishii, Manabu Niwa, Kenji Okumura, Keiji Naruse, Toyoaki Murohara

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Aminopeptidase A (APA; EC is a transmembrane metalloprotease with several functions in tumor angiogenesis. To investigate the role of APA in the process of ischemia-induced angiogenesis, we evaluated the cellular angiogenic responses under hypoxic conditions and the process of perfusion recovery in the hindlimb ischemia model of APA-deficient (APA-KO; C57Bl6/J strain) mice. Western blotting of endothelial cells (ECs) isolated from the aorta of APA-KO mice revealed that the accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein in response to hypoxic challenge was blunted. Regarding the proteasomal ubiquitination, a proteasome inhibitor MG-132 restored the reduced accumulation of HIF-1α in ECs from APA-KO mice similar to control mice under hypoxic conditions. These were associated with decreased growth factor secretion and capillary formation in APA-KO mice. In the hindlimb ischemia model, perfusion recovery in APA-KO mice was decreased in accordance with a significantly lower capillary density at 2 weeks. Regarding vasculogenesis, no differences were observed in cell populations and distribution patterns between wild type and APA-KO mice in relation to endothelial progenitor cells. Our results suggested that Ischemia-induced angiogenesis is impaired in APA-KO mice partly through decreased HIF-1α stability by proteasomal degradation and subsequent suppression of HIF-1α-driven target protein expression such as growth factors. APA is a functional target for ischemia-induced angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-401
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2010


  • Aminopeptidase A
  • Angiogenesis
  • Angiotensin
  • HIF-1α
  • Ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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