Ischemia-induced changes in α-tubulin and β-actin mRNA in the gerbil brain and effects of bifemelane hydrochloride

Masato Asanuma, Norio Ogawa, Hiroshi Hirata, Hsi hsien Chou, Yoichi Kondo, Akitane Mori

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22 Citations (Scopus)


Using in situ hybridization histochemistry, we examined changes in the cytoskeletal protein α-tubulin and β-actin mRNAs in the gerbil brain 14 days after transient ischemia. In an attempt to identify the changes induced in the synthesis of cytoskeletal protein by schemia, we also evaluated the effects of post-ischemia administration of bifemelane on these cytoskeletal proteins. α-Tubulin and α-actin mRNAs were decreased in the CA1 region 14 days after transient ischemia. These decreases coincided with the loss of CA1 pyramidal cells, suggesting that they may have been related to delayed neuronal death. The β-actin mRNA level in ischemic controls was significantly increased in the dentate gyrus, habenular nucleus, and medial and lateral thalamic nuclei, where some afferent nerves project into the hippocampal pyramidal cells. The increased β-actin mRNA suggests that there may be a compensatory enhancement of actin synthesis in the afferent neurons that restores loosened synaptic connections with the ischemic cells in the CA1-4 fields. Administration of bifemelane just after recirculation prevented most of the ischemia-induced mRNA reductions in the CA1 field. Bifemelane's effect may be related to inhibition of Ca2+ influx and its radical scavenging activity. When bifemelane was administered to the ischemic group, α-tubulin mRNA levels significantly increased in the dentate gyrus and amygdaloid nucleus, and β-actin mRNAs showed a tendency to increase in the CA3 and CA4 fields, dentate gyrus, and medial and lateral thalamic nuclei. These findings suggest that bifemelane may enhance synthesis of cytoskeletal protein, especially in the ischemic brain, inducing axon outgrowth or synapse formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-248
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 1993


  • Bifemelane
  • Gerbil
  • In situ hybridization histochemistry
  • Ischemia
  • Messenger RNA
  • α-Tubulin
  • β-Actin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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