iTRAQ-Based Proteomics Investigation of Critical Response Proteins in Embryo and Coleoptile During Rice Anaerobic Germination

Zhang Guangchen, Liu Zimeng, Liu Youhong, Kuya Noriyuki, Hua Yuchen, Shi Hongru, Zhao Weilin, Han Yuqing, Yamamoto Toshio, Chen Wenfu, Sun Jian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Direct-seeding of rice has become popular in recent years due to its low cost and convenience, however, hypoxic condition limits seedling establishment. In this study, weedy rice WR04-6 with high germination ability under anaerobic conditions was used as a gene donor, and we successfully improved the seedling establishment rate of rice cultivar Qishanzhan (QSZ) based on selection of a new rice line R42 from the recombinant inbred line population. R42 inherited high anaerobic germination (AG) ability, and was used for isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based comparative proteomic studies with QSZ to further explore the molecular mechanism of AG. A total of 719 differentially abundant proteins (DAPs) were shared by R42 and QSZ responded to AG, and thus defined as common response DAPs. A total of 300 DAPs that responded to AG were only identified from R42, which were defined as tolerance-specific DAPs. The common response and tolerance-specific DAPs had similar biochemical reaction processes and metabolic pathways in response to anoxic stress, however, they involved different proteins. The tolerance-specific DAPs were involved in amino acid metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle pathway, ethylene synthesis pathway, cell wall-associated proteins and activity of active oxygen scavenging enzyme. The in silico protein-protein interactions for the top 60 DAPs indicated that tolerance-specific DAPs had relatively independent protein interaction networks in response to an anoxic environment compared with common response DAPs. The results of physiological indicators showed that α-amylase and superoxide dismutase activities of R42 were significantly increased under anoxic conditions compared with aerobic conditions. Multiple lines of evidence from western blot, physiological analysis and quantitative real-time PCR jointly supported the reliability of proteomics data. In summary, our findings deepened the understanding of the molecular mechanism for the rice response to AG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalRice Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • anaerobic germination
  • differentially abundant protein
  • direct-seeding
  • iTRAQ-based proteomics
  • weedy rice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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