A 1-year-old boy presented for evaluation of bilateral undescended testes. Diagnostic laparoscopy was conducted, and uterine tissue with bilateral gonads was detected in the rectovesical fossa. Chromosomal analysis revealed a 46,XY karyotype. Persistent müllerian duct syndrome was diagnosed, and laparoscopic surgery was performed to treat this condition. The uterus was incised at a distal site and withdrawn through the port. The bilateral testes were fixed in the scrotum. The patient was discharged 3 days later. We believe that the laparoscopic approach is a valid, alternative choice to traditional surgery for resolution of this condition, permitting minimally invasive surgery.
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