Lip pleomorphic adenomas: case series and literature review

Koki Umemori, Kisho Ono, Hideka Kanemoto, Kyoichi Obata, Hotaka Kawai, Tomoya Nakamura, Keisuke Nakano, Soichiro Ibaragi, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Akira Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most frequent benign salivary gland tumor, but a lip PA is rare. Although this tumor may be definitively diagnosed by imaging or a tissue biopsy if it is reasonably large, PAs on the lip are relatively small, and they present findings that are similar to those of other lip lesions, which can make a preoperative diagnosis difficult. Methods: We analyzed all PAs in the oral region and lesions on the lips treated in our department over the past 20 years, and we discuss them together with the relevant literature. Results: We found that 11.8% (n=6) of the PAs occurred on a lip (upper lip: 9.8%, lower lip: 2.0%), and ~1% of all mass lesions of the lips were PAs. The average size of the lip PAs was 1.5±0.7 cm (range, 0.7–2.2 cm). For preoperative diagnostic assistance, ultrasonography (US) (n=4), magnetic resonance (MR) (n=3), or no imaging (n=2) was used. An excisional biopsy was performed in all cases, and to date, no recurrence or malignant transformation has been observed. Conclusions: Lip PA is relatively rare. Because almost all of these lesions are small, a preoperative diagnosis is more difficult compared to palatal lesions. This tumor is also prone to long-term neglect and has the potential for recurrence and malignant transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1730-1740
Number of pages11
JournalGland Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Case series
  • Lower lip
  • Minor salivary gland tumor
  • Pleomorphic adenoma (pa)
  • Upper lip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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