Long-term clinical follow-up after lung transplantation in patient with scoliosis: a case report

Haruchika Yamamoto, Shinji Otani, Kentaroh Miyoshi, Seiichiro Sugimoto, Masaomi Yamane, Shinichi Toyooka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Severe scoliosis causes anatomical distortion of structures in the chest, which raises concerns about donor-recipient size-mismatch in lung transplantation (LT), so that severe scoliosis is considered as an absolute contraindication for LT. Also, postoperative right-side bronchial stenosis is one of the common complications in LT recipients with severe scoliosis. To date, the long-term outcomes in severe scoliosis patients with bronchial stenosis after LT have not been reported. A 14-year-old female patient with scoliosis and interstitial pneumonia underwent bilateral cadaveric LT. Although she developed bronchial stenosis post-LT, necessitating bronchoscopic intervention on three occasions, her lung function and perfusion recovered to the levels recorded prior to development of the obstruction, with the good condition maintained for more than 5 years after the LT. Therefore, while patients with severe scoliosis are at an elevated risk of postoperative transient bronchial stenosis, scoliosis should not always be considered as a contraindication to LT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-755
Number of pages4
JournalGeneral Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Bronchial stenosis
  • Long-term follow-up
  • Lung transplantation
  • Scoliosis
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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