Mechanical properties of SPCC low carbon steel joints prepared by metal inert gas welding

Mitsuhiro Okayasu, Yuki Ohkura, Tatsuaki Sakamoto, Shuhei Takeuchi, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Tetsuro Shiraishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


To better understand the fatigue and tensile properties of SPCC steels welded by metal inert gas welding, the mechanical properties of the welded component in several localized regions, e.g., weld metal, heat affected zone (HAZ) and base metal, were investigated. The tensile and fatigue properties of the weld metals were high compared to the other areas (base metal and HAZ) due to the precipitated Ti containing oxide inclusions in acicular ferrite (bainite). Two typical microstructures were mainly observed in the heat affected zones (HAZ): (i) bainite in a ferrite matrix (HAZ-B) and (ii) a ferrite phase with low internal stress (HAZ-A). The hardness of HAZ-B was higher than HAZ-A because of the partially formed bainite structure and precipitated Ti containing oxide inclusions. The mechanical properties of the weld sample were further investigated using test specimens that included all regions, i.e., weld metal, HAZ and base metal (BHW). The tensile and fatigue properties of the BHW sample were found to be lower than those in all other regions, which was influenced by the high internal stress. The mechanical properties were analyzed using microstructural and crystal characteristics, as examined by TEM and EBSD analysis. In addition, the fatigue strength can be precisely evaluated using a modified Goodman diagram.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-652
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - Jan 10 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Fracture mechanism
  • Mechanical properties
  • Metal inert gas welding
  • SPCC steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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