Mechanism of the generation of autonomous activity of Ca 2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV

Hiroshi Tokumitsu, Naoya Hatano, Hiroyuki Inuzuka, Shigeyuki Yokokura, Naohito Nozaki, Ryoji Kobayashi

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47 Citations (Scopus)


Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaM-KIV) is phosphorylated at Thr196 by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase (CaM-KK), resulting in induction of both autonomous activity and a high level of Ca2+/CaM-dependent activity. We have shown that the kinetics of Thr196 phosphorylation of CaM-KIV by CaM-KK is well correlated with the generation of its autonomous activity, although Thr177 phosphorylation of CaM-KI does not induce its autonomous activity. The activities of CaM-KI chimera mutants fused with C-terminal regions (residues 296-469 and 296-350) of CaM-KIV are completely dependent on Ca2+/CaM, which is also the case for CaM-KI. Unlike wild-type CaM-KI, however, phosphorylation of Thr177 in the chimera mutants by CaM-KK resulted in generation of significant autonomous activities, indicating that the phosphorylation of Thr in the activation loop is sufficient to partially release the autoinhibitory region of CaM-KIV from the catalytic core. Indeed, the CaM-KIV peptide (residues 304-325) containing minimum autoinhibitory sequences (residues 314-321) suppressed the activity of non-phosphorylated CaM-KIV with an IC50 of ∼50 μM, and this suppression was competitive with respect to the peptide substrate; however, the CaM-KIV peptide was not capable of inhibiting Thr196-phosphorylated CaM-KIV. Taken together, these results indicated that the Thr196 phosphorylation of CaM-KIV by CaM-KK reduced the interaction of the catalytic core with the autoinhibitory region, resulting in generation of the autonomous activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40296-40302
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number39
Publication statusPublished - Sept 24 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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