Mechanochemical processing of sialon compositions

Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie, Jadambaa Temuujin, Mark E. Smith, Kyoshi Okada, Yoshikazu Kameshima

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Milling for 48 h in a sealed planetaryball mill was found to facilitate sialon formation in mixtures of aluminium and silicon oxides and nitrides on further heating in nitrogen at 1200-1600 °C. 27Al and 29Si MAS NMR indicated that milling exerts more influence on the oxide components than on the nitrides. Substitution of γ-Al2O3 byAl(OH)3 as the alumina source facilitated the mechanochemical formation of Si-O-Al bonds, as monitored byMAS NMR, but the subsequent thermal conversion of these precursors to stable aluminosilicates did not enhance sialon formation. Milled precursors of b-sialon composition formed a mixture of β, O and X-sialon, decomposing to polytypoid sialons at 1600 °C. Milled O-sialon precursors formed monophase O-sialon at 1600 °C, while some X-sialon compositions formed X-sialon at 1400 °C which decomposed to mullite and corundum at 1600 °C. A ground mixture of Ca α-sialon composition formed β, O and X-sialons at 1600 °C, but no Ca sialon because of the depletion of Ca bythe preferential formation of a Ca feldspar. Without milling, all these mixtures were unreactive, and generallydid not form sialons on heating in nitrogen up to 1600 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-1082
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Mechanochemical processing
  • Milling
  • Phase development
  • Sialons
  • Sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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