Medial meniscus posterior root repair reduces the extruded meniscus volume during knee flexion with favorable clinical outcome

Ximing Zhang, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yoshiki Okazaki, Yuki Okazaki, Takaaki Hiranaka, Haowei Xue, Keisuke Kintaka, Takatsugu Yamauchi, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The volume of medial meniscus (MM) extrusion at 10° and 90° knee flexions using three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and assessed relevant clinical outcomes at 1-year follow-up were evaluated. Methods: Twenty-four patients who underwent MM posterior root repair were retrospectively reviewed. At 10° and 90° knee flexions, the meniscal extrusion distance and volume were measured using 3D meniscus models constructed by SYNAPSE VINCENT®. The correlation between Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Lysholm, International Knee Documentation Committee scores, Tegner activity, and pain visual analog scales and changes in MM extrusion were assessed. Results: No significant differences in the MM medial extrusion were observed between 10° and 90° knee flexions postoperatively. MM posterior extrusion (MMPE) decreased significantly at 10° and 90° knee flexions postoperatively. At 90° knee flexion, the meniscus volume at the intra-tibial surface increased at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. The MM extrusion volume increased slightly at 10° knee flexion; however, the volume decreased significantly at 90° knee flexion postoperatively. The change in MMPE significantly correlated with clinical scores. All 12-month clinical scores were significantly improved compared to preoperative scores. Conclusions: The progression of meniscus posterior extrusion and reduction of its volume at 90° knee flexion can be suppressed by MM posterior root repair. Postoperative clinical scores correlated with reductions of the posterior extrusion. Regarding clinical relevance, the dynamic stability of the meniscus can be maintained by MM posterior root repair, which is an effective therapeutic method for improving its clinical status. Level of evidence: Level IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4205-4212
Number of pages8
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Medial meniscus
  • Meniscal extrusion
  • Posterior root tear
  • Three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Transtibial pull-out repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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