Microstructure and micro/macro-diffusion behavior of tritium in bentonite

Y. Ichikawa, Katsuyuki Kawamura, N. Fujii, K. Kitayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Diffusion of tritium water, HTO, in bentonite clay is investigated. The method provides a sequential procedure of microscopic characterizations of the clay by a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM), the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and the micro-/macro-analysis by the homogenization analysis (HA) method in which the results of the microscope characterizations and the MD simulations are used. The diffusion properties of HTO calculated by HA agree with the experimental data. Then we simulate the diffusion behavior of HTO in the barrier system of high-level radioactive waste management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-90
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Clay Science
Issue number1-4 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Bentonite
  • Diffusion
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Multiscale homogenization analysis
  • Tritium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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