Current IaaS (infrastructure as a service) cloud service may not satisfy communication QoS (quality of service) requirements of delay-sensitive network applications, if there is a significant physical distance between a server of the network application (NetApp server) at a data center and its network application clients (NetApp clients). In order to improve communication QoS of NetApp clients, we propose server migration service (SMS) in this article. SMS allows NetApp servers to migrate among different locations in the network (1) to optimally locate themselves in relation to NetApp clients and mitigate the QoS degradation caused by location-related factors (ie, propagation delays on network links) and (2) to optimally distribute traffic load over routers and processing load over (physical) computers and decrease the energy consumption. We develop a mixed-integer programming model that determines when and to which locations NetApp servers migrate to minimize the total operating cost of SMS, that is, the sum of the monetary penalty incurred due to QoS violation and energy cost incurred due to energy consumption, while preventing NetApp servers from excessively migrating and adversely impacting QoS of the non-SMS service that share the resource of the substrate network with SMS. Simulation results show that the model developed in this article achieves up to 42% lower total operating cost of SMS compared to the model that only minimizes the monetary penalty of SMS without considering the energy cost of SMS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTransactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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