Morphologic analysis of odontogenic cysts with computed tomography

Kazunori Yoshiura, Yoshinori Higuchi, Kazuyuki Araki, Masanori Shinohara, Toshiyuki Kawazu, Kenji Yuasa, Osamu Tabata, Shigenobu Kanda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of lesion site and epithelial keratinization on the morphologic characteristics of odontogenic cysts and clarify determinate factors for cyst morphology. Material and methods. Computed tomographic images of 92 odontogenic cysts were analyzed: 31 primordial, 31 dentigerous and 30 radicular. Thirty-four cysts were located in the maxilla (6 primordial, 10 dentigerous, and 18 radicular) and 58 in the mandible (25 primordial, 21 dentigerous, and 12 radicular). Histologically, 31 cysts showed epithelial keratinization (18 primordial and 13 dentigerous). No keratinization was seen in radicular cysts. The morphologic features of cysts were assessed by measuring long length parallel to dental arch and short length vertical to it and calculating the long/short ratio. In addition, the computed tomography pattern of the cyst was classified into unilocular, lobulated, and multilocular patterns. Appearance of the sclerotic rim and surrounding cortex were classified into three and four patterns respectively to evaluate the developmental features of the cyst. Results. As a whole, the long length of the primordial cysts was statistically larger than the other two cyst groups and resulted in a larger long/short ratio. Statistical differences of CT pattern were also seen among cyst groups. There was no preference in any cyst group for the appearance of the sclerotic rim and cortex. There were statistical differences between maxilla and mandible in short axis and long/short ratio. The maxillary cysts generally showed round shapes irrespective of their histologic characteristics. A multilocular pattern was more frequent in the keratinized group of mandibular primordial cysts. In dentigerous cysts, a multilocular pattern was seen only in the keratinized group and the long/short ratio was statistically larger; cyst shape was elliptical along the long axis. Conclusion. Our results demonstrated morphologic differences of odontogenic cysts caused by lesion site and keratinization. The dentigerous cyst with predominant keratinization should be included in the primordial cyst (odontogenic keratocyst) group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-718
Number of pages7
JournalOral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry


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