Municipal solid waste management and short-term projection of the waste discard levels in Taiwan

Yu Chi Weng, Takeshi Fujiwara, Yuzuru Matsuoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Industrialization and urbanization result in significant changes in lifestyle. These lifestyle changes seem to lead to unsustainable consumption patterns and increase the generation of various kinds of environmental loads, especially the amount of municipal solid waste (MSW). Taiwan is a small island with scarce natural resources. The economic development in Taiwan has resulted in the generation of large amounts of MSW. As a result, the Taiwan Environmental Pollution Administration (TEPA) has produced regulations for waste minimization and has imposed several important policy measures that have successfully reduced the MSW discard rate in recent years and have established a public recycling network as a part of the MSW collection. Nowadays, the objective of the MSW policies in Taiwan is to develop a "zero-waste society." This article aims to review the MSW management progress in Taiwan and to project future MSW discards up to 2011 based on the national plan and assumed scenarios for socioeconomic variables. According to the analysis results, a more sustainable consumption pattern can be proposed and the corresponding MSW management system can be planned so as to develop a low-waste-discard society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-122
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2009


  • Changes in lifestyle
  • Consumer behavior
  • Developing country
  • Econometric modeling
  • Municipal solid waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanics of Materials


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