Myocardial 99mTc-sestamibi extraction and washout in hypertensive heart failure using an isolated rat heart

Kenji Fukushima, Mitsuru Momose, Chisato Kondo, Takahiro Higuchi, Kiyoko Kusakabe, Nobuhisa Hagiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Myocardial mitochondria are the primary part of energy production for healthy cardiac contraction. And mitochondrial dysfunction would play an important role in progressive heart failure. In the recent years, myocardial washout of 99mTc-sestamibi [(99mTc-hexakis-2-methoxy-2-methylpropyl isonitrile (MIBI)] has been introduced to be a potential marker in patients with heart failure. The objective of this study was to clarify MIBI extraction and washout kinetics using isolated perfusion system in hypertension induced model of myocardial dysfunction. Methods: Six-week-old Dahl-salt sensitive rats, allotted to 4 groups; a 5-week high-salt group (5wk-HS), 12-week high-salt group (12wk-HS) and two age-matched, low-salt diet control groups (5wk-LS and 12wk-LS). The rats in 5wk-HS and 12wk-HS groups were fed a high-salt diet (containing 8% NaCl). Cardiac function was examined by echocardiography before removing heart. Hearts were perfused according to the Langendorff method at a constant flow rate, in which 20-min MIBI washin was conducted followed by 25-min MIBI washout. Whole heart radioactivity was collected every sec by an external gamma detector. The myocardial extraction, K1 (ml/min) and washout rate, k2 (min-1) were generated. Results: High-salt diet groups showed significant high-blood pressure. Echocardiography revealed thickened LV walls in 5wk-HS, and reduced cardiac function in 12wk-HS, compared to each age-matched control group. K1 showed no significant difference among all groups (5wk-HS: 2.36±1.07, 5wk-control: 2.59±0.28, 12wk-HS: 1.91±0.90, and 12wk-control: 2.84±0.57). k2 in 5wk-HS was comparable to that in the age matched control group (0.00030±0.00039 vs -0.000010±0.00044), but it was increased remarkably in 18wk-HS compared to the age matched control group (0.0025±0.0011 vs 0.000025±0.000041, P<01), and 5wk-HS (P<01). Conclusion: In the course of hypertensive heart disease, MIBI washout was increased in the transitional state from hypertrophied to dilated and failing heart, while MIBI extraction remained intact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1012
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Dahl salt-sensitive rat
  • Hypertensive heart failure
  • Isolated rat heart
  • Myocardial mitochondria
  • Tc-sestamibi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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