Nano-sized manganese-calcium cluster in photosystem II

M. M. Najafpour, M. Z. Ghobadi, B. Haghighi, J. J. Eaton-Rye, T. Tomo, J. R. Shen, Suleyman Allakhverdiev

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Cyanobacteria, algae, and plants are the manufacturers that release O 2 via water oxidation during photosynthesis. Since fossil resources are running out, researchers are now actively trying to use the natural catalytic center of water oxidation found in the photosystem II (PS II) reaction center of oxygenic photosynthetic organisms to synthesize a biomimetic supercatalyst for water oxidation. Success in this area of research will transcend the current bottleneck for the development of energy-conversion schemes based on sunlight. In this review, we go over the structure and function of the water-oxidizing complex (WOC) found in Nature by focusing on the recent advances made by the international research community dedicated to achieve the goal of artificial water splitting based on the WOC of PS II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-336
Number of pages13
JournalBiochemistry (Moscow)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • calcium
  • manganese
  • nano-sized manganese-calcium cluster
  • oxygen
  • photosynthesis
  • water oxidation
  • wateroxidizing complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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