Aims Oxaliplatin is a key drug in the treatment of colorectal cancer, but it causes acute and chronic peripheral neuropathies. We previously reported that repeated administration of neurotropin prevents oxaliplatin-induced mechanical allodynia by inhibiting axonal degeneration in rats. In the present study, we investigated the analgesic effect of a single administration of neurotropin on oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy in rats. Main methods Oxaliplatin (4 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally twice a week for 4 weeks. Cold hyperalgesia was assessed using the acetone test and mechanical allodynia was evaluated using the von Frey test. Key findings Repeated injection of oxaliplatin induced cold hyperalgesia on day 5 and mechanical allodynia on day 28. A single administration of neurotropin transiently relieved both pain behaviors. The analgesic effect of neurotropin was inhibited by pretreatment with 5-HT 1A, 5-HT2, 5-HT3, and α2 receptor antagonists and by monoamine depletion. Moreover, the analgesic effect of neurotropin was abolished by intrathecal injection of pertussis toxin, a G i protein inhibitor. Significance These results suggest that neurotropin is effective in relieving oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy, and that Gi protein-coupled receptors in the monoaminergic descending pain inhibitory system may be involved in the analgesic effect of neurotropin. Neurotropin may have clinical potential for the treatment of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathies.
- G protein-coupled receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)