Background Lysosomes are intracellular acidic organelles that contain approximately 50 hydrolases and 25 species of integral membrane proteins. Although lysosome-like specific compartments, termed lysosome-related organelles (LROs), are found in osteoclasts, their functions in these cells and lysosomal functions in osteoblasts remain to be elucidated. Highlight Recently, we found that expression of RAB27A is markedly increased during osteoclastic differentiation. RAB27A deficiency causes multinucleation and giant cell formation, characterized by abnormal transport of cell surface receptors and LROs into osteoclasts. Furthermore, we have shown that transcription factor EB (TFEB), a master regulator of lysosomal biogenesis, regulates osteoblastic differentiation. Overexpression of TFEB in preosteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells enhances osteoblastic differentiation via decreased expression of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP). These results indicate that the expression of ATF4 and CHOP is essential for differentiation into osteoblasts. Conclusion RAB27A participates in bone resorption by LROs in osteoclasts. In addition, lysosomal biogenesis modulated by TFEB is necessary for osteoblastic differentiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- General Dentistry
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology