NRAMP6 and NRAMP1 cooperatively regulate root growth and manganese translocation under manganese deficiency in Arabidopsis

Lun Li, Zongzheng Zhu, Yonghui Liao, Changhong Yang, Ni Fan, Jie Zhang, Naoki Yamaji, Léon Dirick, Jian Feng Ma, Catherine Curie, Chao Feng Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The essential micronutrient manganese (Mn) in plants regulates multiple biological processes including photosynthesis and oxidative stress. Some Natural Resistance-Associated Macrophage Proteins (NRAMPs) have been reported to play critical roles in Mn uptake and reutilization in low Mn conditions. NRAMP6 was demonstrated to regulate cadmium tolerance and iron utilization in Arabidopsis. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether NRAMP6 plays a role in Mn nutrition. Here, we report that NRAMP6 cooperates with NRAMP1 in Mn utilization. Mutation of NRAMP6 in nramp1 but not in a wild-type background reduces root growth and Mn translocation from the roots to shoots under Mn deficient conditions. Grafting experiments revealed that NRAMP6 expression in both the roots and shoots is required for root growth and Mn translocation under Mn deficiency. We also showed that NRAMP1 could replace NRAMP6 to sustain root growth under Mn deficiency, but not vice versa. Mn deficiency does not affect the transcript level of NRAMP6, but is able to increase and decrease the protein accumulation of NRAMP6 in roots and shoots, respectively. Furthermore, NRAMP6 can be localized to both the plasma membrane and endomembranes including the endoplasmic reticulum, and Mn deficiency enhances the localization of NRAMP6 to the plasma membrane in Arabidopsis plants. NRAMP6 could rescue the defective growth of the yeast mutant Δsmf2, which is deficient in endomembrane Mn transport. Our results reveal the important role of NRAMP6 in Mn nutrition and in the long-distance signaling between the roots and shoots under Mn deficient conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • long-distance signaling
  • manganese translocation
  • manganese transport
  • NRAMP1
  • NRAMP6
  • root growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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