Numerical Evaluation on Quench Behavior of No-Insulation REBCO Coil System in Small-Scale Model of Skeleton Cyclotron

Yuki Nakai, Yuta Miyake, Ryota Inoue, Seok Beom Kim, Hiroshi Ueda, So Noguchi, Tomonori Watanabe, Shigeo Nagaya, Mitsuhiro Fukuda, Atsushi Ishiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have proposed a cyclotron for cancer therapy, called Skeleton Cyclotron, which is based on non-insulation (NI) high temperature superconducting (HTS) technology. The Skeleton Cyclotron consists of circular main coils for the isochronous field and non-circular sector coils for the azimuthally varying field (AVF). In order to establish the development technology of HTS multi-coil system for the skeleton cyclotron, we have now designed a small half-size multi-coil system for demonstration, called Ultra-Baby Cyclotron, at the operating current of 540 A, the operating temperature of 20 K and the magnetic field of 1.6 T at the extraction radius of 0.2 m. The NI HTS coil can make both high current density and high magnetic field, so it can achieve miniaturization of its size and high intensity beams. Furthermore, in NI coils, the current flows not only in the coil winding direction but also in the radial direction. Therefore, even if the local normal transition occurs in the coil windings, the current can bypass into the neighboring wires and thermal stability can be improved. On the other hand, when the normal transition and quench occur, the electromagnetic and mechanical behaviors in NI coils are different from those of conventional insulated coil. Therefore, we developed a current distribution analysis code for non-insulation HTS coils and simulated the current distributions during the normal transition and quench in NI REBCO coil system for Skeleton Cyclotron.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4006605
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2022


  • Cyclotrons
  • high temperature superconductors
  • non-insulation
  • superconducting magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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