Observation of electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam

T2K Collaboration

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426 Citations (Scopus)


The T2K experiment has observed electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam produced 295 km from the Super-Kamiokande detector with a peak energy of 0.6 GeV. A total of 28 electron neutrino events were detected with an energy distribution consistent with an appearance signal, corresponding to a significance of 7.3σ when compared to 4.92 ± 0.55 expected background events. In the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata mixing model, the electron neutrino appearance signal depends on several parameters including three mixing angles θ12, θ23, θ13, a mass difference Δm2 32and a CP violating phase δCP. In this neutrino oscillation scenario, assuming |Δm2 32| = 2.4 × 10-3eV2, sin2θ23= 0.5, and Δm2 32> 0 (Δm2 32< 0), a best-fit value of sin213= 0.140+0.038 -0.032(0.170+0.045 -0.037) is obtained at δCP= 0. When combining the result with the current best knowledge of oscillation parameters including the world average value of θ13from reactor experiments, some values of δCPare disfavored at the 90% C.L.

Original languageEnglish
Article number061802
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Feb 10 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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