Observation of low energy antiprotons at the 2004 BESS-Polar fiight in Antarctica

S. Matsuda, S. Haino, K. Abe, H. Fuke, T. Hams, K. C. Kim, T. Kumazawa, M. H. Lee, Y. Makida, H. Matsumoto, K. Matsumoto, J. W. Mitchell, A. A. Moiseev, Z. D. Myers, J. Nishimura, M. Nozaki, A. Ogata, M. Oikawa, J. F. Ormes, M. SasakiE. S. Seo, Y. Shikaze, R. E. Streitmatter, J. Suzuki, K. Takeuchi, K. Tanaka, T. Yamagami, A. Yamamoto, T. Yoshida, K. Yoshimura

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


A flatter spectrum of low-energy cosmic ray antiprotons below 1 GeV measured by the BESS experiment in the last solar minimum period suggests the existence of possible novel and exotic sources of cosmic-ray antiprotons, such as evaporation of primordial black holes and annihilation of supersymmetric dark matter. In order to investigate these antiproton sources and to search for antimatter in the cosmic radiation, the BESSPolar experiment was carried out with a NASA long duration balloon flight over Antarctica in December 2004. During this 8.5-day flight, the BESS-Polar superconducting spectrometer gathered 900 million cosmic-ray events. The data show that the newly developed particle detector system functioned well enough to observe the low energy antiprotons during the entire flight. Thus we can expect to derive a precise energy spectrum of the low-energy antiprotons with several-times higher statistics than that from the flight of the previous solar minimum period.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event29th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2005 - Pune, India
Duration: Aug 3 2005Aug 10 2005


Other29th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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