One-Minute Joule Annealing Enhances the Thermoelectric Properties of Carbon Nanotube Yarns via the Formation of Graphene at the Interface

Masaki Hada, Taisuke Hasegawa, Hirotaka Inoue, Makito Takagi, Kazuki Omoto, Daiki Chujo, Shogo Iemoto, Taihei Kuroda, Taiga Morimoto, Takuma Hayashi, Toru Iijima, Tomoharu Tokunaga, Naoshi Ikeda, Kazuhiro Fujimori, Chihiro Itoh, Takeshi Nishikawa, Yoshifumi Yamashita, Toshihiko Kiwa, Shin ya Koshihara, Satoshi MaedaYasuhiko Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Interfaces in nanocarbon materials are highly important, as they determine the properties of carbon-based devices. In terms of carrier and thermal transport properties, the interfacial features are often more important than the intrinsic characteristics. Herein, we describe how 1 min Joule annealing of carbon nanotube (CNT) yarns can convert the interfacial amorphous carbon into graphene fragments. After 1 min Joule annealing, we have obtained multiwalled CNT yarns with extremely high Seebeck coefficients (±100 μV/K) and high thermoelectric power factor (400 and 1000 μW/mK2) at room temperature, both with or without polyethylenimine doping. Theoretical simulations and experimental measurements helped to determine the optimal annealing conditions in terms of a rapid transformation of the interfacial amorphous carbon between the bundled CNTs in the yarn into graphene fragments at â¼2000 K. The present approach represents significant progress in energy materials science, as it provides a guiding principle for the design of interfaces in nanocarbon materials with potential applications in energy-harvesting systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7700-7708
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 28 2019


  • Joule annealing
  • carbon nanotube
  • interface of carbon nanostructure
  • structure transition-route maps
  • thermoelectric properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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