Background: Esophageal reconstruction using intestine is often performed for esophageal cancer patients in cases where the stomach cannot be used. We have previously performed reconstruction using ileocolon with supercharge and drainage as our first choice in those cases. However, a less invasive, simpler, and safer reconstructive technique using jejunum without vascular anastomosis has recently become popular at our facility. This study describes the technique of esophageal reconstruction with jejunum, compares the surgical outcomes to those of standard reconstruction using ileocolon, and discusses the clinical significance of this new concept.
Patients and methods: Subjects comprised 53 patients (52 males, 1 female) who underwent esophageal reconstruction using jejunum between January 2008 and July 2013. Patient characteristics, technical details, and outcomes were compared with those of 51 subjects who had undergone esophageal reconstruction using ileocolon. When making the pedicled jejunal flap, the first jejunal vascular arcade was preserved, which in most cases allowed it to be pulled up to the cervical region by processing and transection up to the second jejunal vascular branch.
Results: The vascular anastomosis techniques were used in 80.4 % (41/51) of esophageal reconstructions using colon, compared with only 24.5 % (13/53) of reconstructions using jejunum. No difference in the frequency of postoperative adverse effects was seen between groups, but the frequency of diarrhea was significantly lower with reconstruction using jejunum.
Conclusion: Esophageal reconstruction using jejunum with the blood vessel processing technique results in both simpler and safer pulling up. Thus the need to perform supercharge and superdrainage is reduced.
Pedicled jejunal flap
ASJC Scopus subject areas