Optical nonlinear crystalline dot and line patterning in samarium bismuth borate glasses by YAG laser irradiation

Tsuyoshi Honma, Yasuhiko Benino, Takumi Fujiwara, Ryuji Sato, Takayuki Komatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


New transparent surface crystallized glasses in the system of Sm2O3-Bi2O3-B2O3 have been successfully fabricated. The second harmonic generation (SHG) from the crystalline phase at the surface layers has been confirmed from Maker fringe measurements. The chemical composition of optical nonlinear crystals in the crystallized glass of 12.5Sm2O3 · 30Bi2O3 · 57.5B2O3 is determined to be Bi0.7Sm0.3BO3. The irradiation of a continuous-wave YAG laser with a wavelength of 1064 nm induces sharp refractive-index changes or crystalline dot formation, depending on Sm2O3 content in the glasses and laser irradiation condition. In 10Sm2O3 · 30Bi2O3 · 60B2O3 glass, refractive-index changes (not crystallites) are induced by laser irradiations (power: 1W, time: 1-250 s), and spherical spots with 2-45 μm are formed. In 12.5Sm2O3 · 30Bi2O3 · 57.5B2O3 and 16.5Sm2O3 · 26Bi2O3 · 57.5B2O3 glasses, crystalline dots with diameters of 5-65 μm are formed by laser irradiations (power: 0.5-0.7 W, times: 1-250 s). The lines consisting of refractive-index changes and crystallites are fabricated by scanning laser spots with the speeds of 5-25 μm · s-1. It is found that the crystalline phase formed by laser irradiation is the same as that precipitated by usual heat treatment in an electric furnace and thus the crystalline dots and lines generate optical second harmonic waves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-402
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1281
Publication statusPublished - May 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • BiSmBO
  • Bismuth-based glass
  • Crystalline dot
  • Second harmonic generation
  • YAG laser irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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