Paracrine control of mesenteric perivascular axo-axonal interaction

H. Kawasaki, S. Takatori, Y. Zamami, T. Koyama, M. Goda, K. Hirai, P. Tangsucharit, X. Jin, N. Hobara, Yoshihisa Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Immunohistochemical study of rat mesenteric arteries showed dense innervation of adrenergic nerves, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing nerves (CGRPergic nerves), nitric oxide-containing nerves (nitrergic nerves). Double-immunostaining revealed that most CGRPergic or nitrergic nerves were in close contact with adrenergic nerves. CGRPergic and transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1)-immunopositive nerves appeared in the same neurone. In rat perfused mesenteric vascular beds without endothelium and with active tone, perfusion of nicotine, or bolus injection of capsaicin and acetylcholine and periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) lowered pH levels of out flowed perfusate concomitant with vasodilation. Cold-storage denervation of preparations abolished pH lowering induced by nicotine and PNS. Guanethidine inhibited PNS- and nicotine-, but not acetylcholine- and capsaicin-, induced pH lowering. Pharmacological analysis showed that protons were released not only from adrenergic nerves but also from CGRPergic nerves. A study using a fluorescent pH indicator demonstrated that nicotine, acetylcholine and capsaicin applied outside small mesenteric artery lowered perivascular pH levels, which were not observed in Ca 2+ free medium. Exogenously injected hydrochloric acid in denuded preparations induced pH lowering and vasodilation, which was inhibited by denervation, TRPV1 antagonists and capsaicin without affecting pH lowering. These results suggest that excitement of adrenergic nerves releases protons to activate TRPV1 in CGRPergic nerves and thereby induce vasodilation. It is also suggested that CGRPergic nerves release protons with exocytosis to facilitate neurotransmission via a positive feedback mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalActa Physiologica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011


  • Adrenergic nerves
  • Axo-axonal transmitter
  • CGRPergic nerves
  • Mesenteric artery
  • Protons
  • TRPV1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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