Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas are detected frequently in the oral cavity. Although tonsillar lymphomas have been rather well characterized, lymphomas originating from non-tonsillar regions, such as the gingiva, palate, and tongue, have not been well studied. We examined the pathology of clinical samples obtained from 21 patients with localized primary non-tonsillar oral diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Immunohistological examination of CD10, Bcl-6, and MUM1 determined that 17 of 21 (81%) samples exhibited non-germinal center B-cell type, an increased proportion of non-germinal center B-cell type compared with previous reports in samples of tonsillar origin (P < 0.05). The four remaining samples exhibited germinal center B-cell type, although one sample expressed MUM1. Follow-up clinical survival data were obtained from the 17 patients over a range from 4 to 173 months (mean 52 months). All patients were treated with chemotherapies, irradiation, or surgical resection. Sixteen patients achieved complete remission and two patients relapsed, but no patient has died of disease. Extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas of non-germinal center B-cell type are generally characterized by poor prognosis, regardless of localized disease. Interestingly, our results indicate that, unlike similar lymphomas of tonsillar origin, localized primary non-tonsillar oral diffuse large B-cell lymphomas exhibit favorable prognosis, suggesting that these lymphomas may be clinicopathologically distinct.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research