Penetration of porcine oocytes during maturation in vitro by cryopreserved, ejaculated spermatozoa

W. H. Wang, L. R. Abeydeera, K. Okuda, K. Niwa

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64 Citations (Scopus)


The present study was conducted to examine the penetrability in vitro of immature porcine oocytes with or without cumulus cells. Porcine oocytes were cultured for 0-36 h, at 39°C in 5% CO2 in air, in modified tissue culture medium 199 (TCM-199B at pH 7.4) supplemented with 10 IU cCG/ml, 10 IU hCG/ml, and 1 μg estradiol-17β/ml. At various times after the beginning of culture, some oocytes were freed from the cumulus (cumulus and corona cells), and cumulus-intact or cumulus-free oocytes were inseminated with cryopreserved ejaculated spermatozoa in TCM-199B (pH 7.8) containing 5 mM caffeine. When cumulus-free oocytes were examined 14 h after insemination, high proportions (69-84%) were penetrated and there were no significant differences among different periods of maturation culture. The incidence (47-68%) of polyspermy and the number (1.7-3.1) of spermatozoa that penetrated per oocyte were also not significantly different among oocytes cultured for 0-36 h. In cumulus- intact oocytes, however, the first evidence of penetration (15%) was observed in oocytes cultured for 6 h. The penetration rates increased significantly as the period of culture was prolonged up to 24 h. Almost all (95-100%) oocytes were penetrated when they were inseminated 24-36 h after the beginning of culture, by which time the cumulus masses showed moderate to complete expansion except for the corona radiata. A similar correlation was also observed for incidence of polyspermy and number of spermatozoa penetrated per oocyte. The presence of well-expanded cumulus around the oocyte during fertilization promoted male pronuclear formation in penetrated oocytes. The results of the present study provide evidence that immature porcine oocytes are equally penetrable in vitro at any stage of maturation when they have been freed from the cumulus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-515
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of reproduction
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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