Perturbation of autocrine/paracrine loops of burst-forming units of erythroid-derived cells in rHuEPO-hyporesponsive hemodialysis patients

Kazushi Nakao, Jun Wada, Kosuke Ota, Haruo Ichikawa, Shigeru Akagi, Akira Okamoto, Kazuyuki Hida, Yoshio Nagake, Hirofumi Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Quantitative or qualitative abnormalities of erythroid progenitors in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) could be the major factor for recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) hyporesponsiveness and severe anemia in hemodialysis (HD) patients receiving rHuEPO therapy. Methods: Purified 1 × 104 circulating CD34+ cells isolated from rHuEPO-hyporesponsive HD patients (EPO-H; n = 10), rHuEPO-responsive non-HD patients with CRF (EPO-R; n = 8), nonanemic HD patients without rHuEPO therapy (EPO-W/O; n = 10), and healthy volunteer controls (CON; n = 10) were subjected to a methylcellulose culture system supplemented with rHuEPO, recombinant human interleukin-3 (IL-3), recombinant human stem cell factor (SCF), and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for 14 days. Results: The average number of burst-forming units of erythroids (BFU-Es) was significantly less in the EPO-H group compared with the CON and EPO-W/O groups. Furthermore, colony size also was significantly smaller in the EPO-H group. Total RNAs were extracted from approximately 100 colonies/patient and subjected to complementary DNA expression array studies of 268 growth factors, cytokines, chemokines, and their receptors. A characteristic cluster upregulated in the EPO-R and EPO-W/O groups and downregulated in the EPO-H group was identified that contained various cytokines and growth factors, including IL-6, GM-CSF, vascular endothelial growth factor B, IL-9, IL-3, leukemia inhibitory factor, and interferon α-2, and such receptors as thrombopoietin receptor, IL-9 receptor, and colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor. Conclusion: These data suggest that the cross-talk network or autocrine/paracrine regulatory loop is critically impaired in BFU-E-derived cells in EPO-H patients, and investigation of these cluster genes would facilitate the development of novel therapeutic strategies for such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-636
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003


  • Anemia
  • Chronic renal failure (CRF)
  • Cytokine receptors
  • Cytokines
  • Gene-expression profile
  • Hematopoietic stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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