Phosphorus release from cattle manure ash as soil amendment in laboratory-scale tests

Quoc Thinh Tran, Morihiro Maeda, Kazuyuki Oshita, Masaki Takaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Excessive application of animal manure to farmland leads to phosphorus (P) loss into the surrounding water. Manure is incinerated to convert it to P-rich ash as a slow-release P fertilizer. However, the potential P loss and P availability for plants from cattle manure ash (CMA) have not been fully understood. The aims of this study were to determine the P release mechanism from CMA and to propose appropriate application rates that mitigate P loss and increase available P to soil in Fukushima, where the soil is deficient in nutrients after the replacement of cesium-137-contaminated soil with sandy mountain soil. Different P fractions in CMA were sequentially extracted with H2O, 0.5 M NaHCO3, 0.1 M NaOH, and 1 M HCl. Phosphorus contents in different fractions of CMA were in the order of HCl–P > NaHCO3–P > H2O–P > NaOH–P. Water-soluble P release of CMA was also determined by kinetic experiments for 120 h. Results showed that total water-soluble P accounted for a maximum of 2.9% of total P in CMA over 120 h due to recalcitrant P compounds formed through incineration. The Fukushima sandy soil amended with CMA at three application rates, 94, 157, and 314 mg P kg−1 (corresponding to 300, 500, 1000 kg P2O5 ha−1) was incubated for 56 days. Cattle manure compost and KH2PO4 were applied at 157 mg P kg−1 for comparison. Phosphorus release in water and CaCl2 solution from ash-amended soil was significantly lower than those from compost and KH2PO4-amended soil at the same P application rate of 157 mg P kg−1 (p < 0.05). Available P in ash-amended soil, determined by Fe-oxide impregnated strips, was not significantly different from those in compost-amended soil after day 7 and KH2PO4-amended soil on day 56 at the same P application rate. Thus, CMA reduces P losses from soil to the surrounding water while it increases P availability for plants. In comparison of different rates of CMA, P release in water or CaCl2 was significantly greater at 314 mg P kg−1 than at 94 or 157 mg P kg−1, while the percentage of available P to total P was the lowest at the highest application rate (p < 0.05), suggesting that the best application rates were 94 and 157 mg P kg−1 in this experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-376
Number of pages8
JournalSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 4 2017


  • Cattle manure ash
  • Fukushima soil
  • phosphorus forms
  • plant-available phosphorus
  • water-soluble phosphorus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Phosphorus release from cattle manure ash as soil amendment in laboratory-scale tests'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this