Malaria is one of the major infectious diseases in the Philippines. It is being targeted for control through sustained early diagnosis, treatment and mosquito control. It is in this light that understanding the genetic background of the parasite population is important not only for basic biology of the organism but also for epidemiology and control of the disease. In the present study, molecular phylogenetic relationships of the 3 Plasmodium falciparum populations in the Philippines with the other populations in the world were inferred based on polymorphisms of 9 highly polymorphic microsatellite DNA loci in the parasite genome. A total of 92 P. falciparum isolates collected from 3 provinces (Kalinga, Palawan and Davao del Morte) in the Philippines, and 8 from other populations (3 African, 2 South American, 2 Papua New Guinean, and 1 Thai) that were previously reported, were used for the analysis. The phylogenetic tree showed that the 3 Philippine populations were genetically divergent from each other as compared to the other populations. The branching pattern of the tree suggests that the 3 Philippine populations were relatively close to the Thai population, rather than the Papua New Guinean populations, indicating that the ancestor of the 3 Philippines populations were introduced from Indochina peninsula, and not from countries located south of the Philippines such as Papua New Guinea or Indonesia.
|Number of pages
|Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
|Published - Mar 2008
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases